Timeline

1968

Paul Ehrlich publishes The Population Bomb

On the connection between human population, resource exploitation and the environment

1971

Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen

the father of ecological economics, the Romanian mathematician, statistician and economist publishes seminal work The Entropy Law and the Economic Process, in which he argues that natural resources are irreversibly degraded when put to use in economic activity

1972

Club of Rome publishes the controversial Limits to Growth

which predicts dire consequences if growth is not slowed. Northern countries criticize the report for not including technological solutions; Southern countries are incensed because it advocates abandonment of economic development. www.clubofrome.org

1973

As if people matters

First published in 1973, Small Is Beautiful brought Schumacher’s critiques of Western economics to a wider audience during the 1973 energy crisis and emergence of globalization

1985

Climate Change is predicted for the first time

Meeting in Austria of the World Meteorological Society. UNEP and the International Council of Scientific Unions reports on the buildup of carbon dioxide and other “greenhouse gases” in the atmosphere

1987

Montreal Protocol

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is adopted

1987

Our Common Future

Our Common Future (The Brundtland Report) weaves together social, economic, cultural and environmental issues and global solutions. It popularizes the term “sustainable development.”

1992

Earth Summit

UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) is held in Rio de Janeiro. Agreements are reached on Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration. Two “Rio Conventions” are opened for signature: the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Framework Convention on Climate Change

1997

Christmas in Guayas with El Niño

El Niño happens once every five years or so, taking the rain away from South East Asia and Australia – caused drought and fire – and dumping it in front of our eyes on the west coast of the Americas, Peru and Ecuador – causing in 1997 devastating floods and mudslides in Guayas. In 1997 Oikos’s founders spent Christmas in the Guayas Delta in Ecuador; while drafting for The World Bank an Environmental Management Plan for the Guayas delta in Guayaquil. El Niño shows up while we are there and send a first warning. We are direct witness of colossal devastation in Guayas and the first idea to create Oiko is born. The following year La Niña caused flooding so severe that it displaced 200 million people in China, submerged half of the land mass of Bangladesh, and spurred on the North Atlantic hurricane season, where the deadliest hurricane in history occurred

1998

La Niña spurred on Hurricane Mitch in Central America

In 22nd Oct. 1998 we find ourselves in San Pedro Sula in Honduras, working on a Water & Sanitation Project for the World Bank. Hurricane Mitch hits the coast of Central America and we are again witness of the catastrophic flooding from the slow motion of the storm, causing more than 21,000 people death and $45 billion worth of damage

1999

Lessons from the Disaster

Oiko’s team decides to relocate to Honduras to help and to assimilate the replicable lessons from the Disaster. Posted in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, we work on a USAID – Post Disaster Reconstruction Project and we decided to set the foundations of an institution to help understand and prevent the impacts of climate change

2000

UN Millennium Development Goals

The largest-ever gathering of world leaders agrees to a set of time-bound and measurable goals for combating poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women, to be achieved by 2015

2003

Legal constitution and foundation of OikoLogica in La Coruña · Spain

2004

Technological centers in The Mosquitia rainforest of Central America

OIKO LOGICA wins the first bidding competition and is appointed to design The Communication and Technology Center Network for public service delivery in the Mosquitia in Honduras, founded by the Canadian International Development Agency, CIDA

2005

Inside Harpy’s nest

Oiko celebrates new year’s day in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica, the only remaining old growth wet forests on the Pacific Coast, with 13 major ecosystems including lowland rain forest, highland cloud forest, jolillo palm forest, and mangrove swamps, as well as coastal marine and beach habitats. With the support of the Inter American Development Bank (IADB), our project resulted in the first Sustainable Development Strategy for the Golfito Peninsula, home to Costa Rica’s shyest and most endangered inhabitants here; Baird’s Tapirs, Jaguars, Scarlet Macaws, Harpy Eagles, Red-backed squirrel monkeys and White-lipped Peccaries

2005

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is released

1,300 experts from 95 countries provide scientific information concerning the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being. www.millenniumassessment.org

2005

Kyoto Protocol came into force

Signed on December 11th, 1997, the Protocol needed to be ratified by at least 55 countries, representing 55 % of global greenhouse gas emissions. In 2010, it has been ratified by 168 States

2006

The most inconvenient truth

Let´s face it, this documentary is perhaps the most influential talk on climate ever, alerting the public to an increasing “planetary emergency” due to global warming. Al Gore with a few slide presentations and a few flip chart illustrations won him the Nobel Peace Prize

2006

Oiko’s leap to Brussels starts in Madrid

Oiko opens a new office in Madrid and starts a fruitful collaboration with the consulting firm AECOM, coordinating together the European Union research Project, ALDIAGNOS

2009

Oiko in the Kingdom beyond the clouds

Oiko supports the National Happiness Commission of the Royal Kingdom of Bhutan through the Global Climate Change Alliance to develop the first country climate readiness assessment. The Copenhagen climate negotiations are dashed, and the momentum begins to shift toward national and regional efforts to reduce emissions and Oiko is lean and nimble to support Bhutan and Lesotho

2010

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity final report

The report calls for wider recognition of nature’s contribution to human livelihoods, health, security and culture by decision-makers. www.teebweb.org

2011

The world population reaches 7 billion, and is increasingly interconnected

One third of those have Internet access, 80 per cent have mobile phones. Increasing the population by 1 billion took only 12 years

2012

Rio +20

Fifty years after Silent Spring, 40 years after Stockholm and 20 years after the Earth Summit, the global community reconvenes in an effort to secure agreement on “greening” world economies through a range of smart measures for clean energy, decent jobs and more sustainable and fair use of resources

2013

Palm Oil and Rain forest lost in East Kalimantan

Oiko supports the Ministry of Research and Technology of Indonesia with an assessment of sustainable and renewable energy potential (palm oil and timber byproducts as biomass) in East Kalimantan, Borneo

2014

Small Island Development States and Climate change

Oiko engages with the Global Climate Change Alliance in an association to develop two most relevant climate strategies in Small Island Development States, The Republics of Seychelles and Mauritius archipelagos where we used Ecosystem Based Adaptation to prepare for the volatile changing climate

2015

Bhutan is the first Carbon Neutral Country in the World

Oiko travels to Bhutan to work with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Royal Kingdom of Bhutan to support the formulation of the National Renewable and Natural Resources Strategy. The result was the National Determined Contributions (NDC) and the Communication to the UNFCCC Secretariat when Bhutan was presented to the COP 21 as the first carbon neutral country in the world

2017

Looking at our planet with new glasses

OIKO contributes to the design of a network of climate centres in vulnerable ACP countries to ensure access to The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) to supports society by providing authoritative information about the past, present and future climate in vulnerable countries in Africa, Caribbean and The Pacific

2018

Satellites for the last mile

Oiko works with the Global Framework for Climate Service of the WMO and EUMESAT to prioritize most needed climate investments in climate vulnerable countries to ensure availability of earth observation science, satellite information and science-based evidence for policy making to anticipate and prevent the impacts of climate change

2018

Living on an island

Again, we start the year 2018 in the remote Island of Timor-Leste. Oiko conducts a Climate Risk Evaluation of The Dili-Ainaro Road Development Corridor aiming to strengthen the resilience of communities to climate induced disasters such as floods and landslides

2019

How much is the Leader-back turtle worth?

Oiko travels to the Caribbean for the application of an innovate valuation exercise in the North East Iyanola Region. Oiko conducted an Ecosystem Services Valuation: a comprehensive analysis on the economic worth of natural resources within a uniquely pristine biodiverse region on the island of Saint Lucia, mainly to make reasonable conservation decisions about the future