Climate Change Adaptation
Disaster Risk Assessment & Reduction

Oikologica led an action plan to help the vulnerable communities at the Dili Ainaro Road Development Corridor in Timor Leste

Year

2018

Country

Timor Leste

Client

UNDP

A participatory community based vulnerability assessment (CVA) and development of climate risk responsive community action plan (CAP) have recently been completed covering 24 Sucos from Aileu, Ainaro, Manufahi, and Ermera municipalities across Dili Ainaro Road Development Corridor (DARDC) in Timor Leste.

The assessment aims to identify climate induced key hazards in each suco and support communities to develop climate risk responsive community action plan (CAP) for resilience, identify mechanisms for integration of findings of CVA into the Integrated Municipal Development Planning (PDIM) process.

Objectives and scope of the assessment

· Undertake participatory vulnerability assessment for the selected 24 sucos in Timor Leste.

· Identify mechanisms for an integration of the findings of the community vulnerability assessment into the PDIM process, and watershed management plans where possible.

· Develop climate risk responsive community action plan and mechanisms/entry points for mainstreaming climate responsive community action plan into PDIM.

· Support building capacity of the key national and sub national government stakeholders in community vulnerability assessment process and mainstreaming climate risk responsive community action plan into PDIM process.

Landslide is ranked as priority hazard by sucos Seloi Crac, Poetete and Fatubisi. Landslide is the second most common hazards which affect 23 sucos out of 24 sucos covered by the assessment.

4 sucos namely Fahiria, Cassa, Laula and Talimaro have identified flood as the top priority hazard impacting on people and property at large scale.

The hazards and community action plan activities were developed by the community members during the focus group discussion.

Despite having strong commitment of local community members to collaborate with the government and other agencies in addressing the negative impact of climate induced natural hazards; there remain a number of challenges and constraints for the effective implementation of community action plans.

Map showing the Sucos considered in the study area

Oikologica delivers Climate Smart Solutions to vulnerable communities

Designing adaptation initiatives in a land use planning context at local government level in Costa Rica

Year

2017

Country

Costa Rica

Client

UNIDO

The mission was to promote accelerated development and transfer of climate technologies at the request of developing countries for energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient development.

Oiko produced the following 3 main outputs:

  • A software tool to help SETENA technical staff to assess the LUPs
  • A proposal of a protocol which included the vision of climate change adaptation and mitigation in the Technical Guidelines for including the variable of the environment in land use plans in Costa Rica
  • Pilot application of the protocol to a LUP

The study in Costa Rica included the evaluations of the climate change cumulative effect, being the basis for understanding how the climate and its variations are going to magnify or increase the cumulative impact that the different forms of land use included in an LUP process, have on the environment.

51.0% or about 2,605,000 ha. of Costa Rica is forested. Of this 23.9%  is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.

Data by FAO

%

Agriculture is the main driver for an estimated 80% of deforestation across the globe

Technical assistance for capacity building and institutional strenghtening of sea defences sector

Year

2009

Country

Guyana

Client

NAO for EDF in Guyana

The Overall objective of the assignment, developed in close collaboration with ECORYS, was the improvement of living conditions in the coastal zone, stimulation of economic growth and reduction of poverty. For the purpose, we designed a draft policy framework for the sea and river defence sector, defining what and how the government wants to do in the sector, which includes, but not limited to, the following:

 

  • A compilation of all dispersed legislative elements and the jurisdiction of the different institutions which are related in any way to sea defence.
  • An administrative/institutional framework for institutions that should be involved and level of participation of each; responsibilities and obligations regarding the present administrative structure and avoiding overlapping functions within different administrative areas.
  • A coordinated framework showing the main relevant organisations to the sector and the key contact positions within these organisations for collaboration purposes. The different existing steering committees and their functions can also be identified.
  • An annexed financial forecast.
  • An annexed comprehensive donor list for the sector.
  • An annex delimitating the legal boundaries of the climate change vulnerable and affected areas by the sea and river defence.

Nearly 90% of Guyana’s population live on the coastal plain. With a formal average per capita income of US$1,010 in 2006, Guyana is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere .

Our Programs

Through collaborative partnerships, we support innovative projects that protect vulnerable communities and governments from the challenges of climate change and sustainable development, while restoring balance to threatened ecosystems. Our work is divided into six main program areas – Climate Change Adaptation, Climate Change Mitigation, Natural Resources, Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Technology.

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